Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) – updated: 10/2015

Antiretrovirale Therapie (ART) – Stand: 10/2015

لیست اسامی داروهای درمان آنتی رترو ویرال ( ضد ویروس اچ آی وی)  تا دی ماه سال 1394

HIV-Medikamente_10-2015_HIVandMore_1v2

HIV-Medikamente_10-2015_HIVandMore_2v2


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Quelle: HIV&More

How Vaginal Adaptation Could Prevent HIV
چگونه سازگاری رحم می تواند با عفونت اچ آی وی مقابله کند؟

Are some female sex workers more resistant to HIV due to vaginal adaptation to semen over time in a way that wards off infections?

Werden einige Sexarbeiterinnen resistenter gegen HIV im Laufe der Zeit wegen vaginaler Anpassung an das Sperma – in der Weise, daß Infektionen abgewehrt werden?


آیا واژن (رحم) برخی از زنان کارگر جنسی به دلیل فعالیت جنسی بیشتر از زنان دیگر، رفته رفته خود را طوری با اسپرم مرد سازگار می دهد که در برابرعفونت اچ آی وی و مسدود کردن راه ابتلا به آن مقاوم تر شود؟

این پرسش از مدت زمان طولانی فکر دانشمندان را مشغول کرده بود. پس از انجام یک سری آزمایشاتی که بر روی تعداد قابل توجهی از زنان کارگر جنسی صورت گرفته شد، نشان داد که در حال حاضر به نظر می رسد پاسخ این پرسش می تواند مثبت باشد. زیرا پروتئینی که برای جلوگیری از عفونت اچ آی وی لازم است، در واژن این زنان به دلیل سازگار بیولوژیکی (طبیعی) به مرور زمان در برابر باکتریها و ویروس ها از جمله ویروس اچ آی وی خود را مقاوم تر  می سازد.

برگردان: کیومرث سراج الهی


© fotolia / Sebastian Kaulitzki

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Five ways Canada can end HIV
پنج راهی که کانادا می تواند اچ آی وی را اتمام دهد

Every December, we acknowledge World AIDS Day — a time to reflect on how HIV/AIDS has affected us, and the work that is needed to put an end to the virus.

The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network released a briefing paper, “Action Required,” outlining steps the Canadian government needs to take in order to better address HIV. It points to five key areas that need to be addressed federally in order to meet the goal of ending HIV. Daily Xtra has published a condensed version below, but you can read the full paper here.


شبکه حقوقی اچ آی وی و ایدز در کانادا به مناسبت روزجهانی ایدز در دسامبر 2015 میلادی مقاله ای را منتشر می کند. در این مقاله به پنج راهی که کشور کانادا می تواند به اچ آی وی و ایدز در سراسر جهان پایان دهد اشاره کرده است.

1 – احیا کردن تاثیرات دولت به موضوع اچ آی وی  2 – ترویج برنامه کاهش آسیب و اصلاحات در سیاست مواد مخدر 3 – دفاع از حقوق بشر در رابطه با دگرباشان جنسی، در داخل کانادا و در سطح جهان  4 – حفاظت از حقوق کارگران جنسی 5 – ترویج دسترسی به داروهای آنتی روترویرال (ضد ویروسی).


Globally, we are starting to see significant progress in the effort to address HIV.

But none of these goals [are] possible unless governments are willing to protect and uphold human rights, especially those of the communities most affected by HIV

It is time for Canada to re-commit to the global project of ending HIV, including by basing our response on sound scientific evidence and fundamental human rights principles. There are immediate actions Canada’s federal government can and should take. We have identified the five priority issues — and associated government actions — to ensure a federal response to HIV that is effective because it is evidence-based and respects and promotes the human rights of all constituents.

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‘Life outside this diagnosis’: Violence, HIV, and empowerment

زندگی خارج از اینگونه تشخیصات: خشونت, اچ آی وی و توانمندسازی
متاسفانه از تعداد 300,000 زنانی که با اچ آی وی زندگی می کنند, نیمی از آنان بنوعی مورد تعرض و خشونت جنسی بوسیله همسران خود یا مردان دیگری قرار گرفته اند.

“I never looked at it like I was a person who had experienced domestic violence. I just thought I was a chick who got beat up sometimes.”

Empowered: Women, HIV & Intimate Partner Violence, a short film released by Greater Than AIDS, features five women living with HIV—Gina, Michelle, Maria, Lynnea, and Vickie—who talk about life with the virus and the way it connects with abuse in their relationships.

Initially, explain the women, they saw their relationships as normal, not violent.

Their partners would prey on their self-esteem as women living with HIV by saying things like “you’re lucky to have me.” Childhood experiences of trauma and gender-based violence had also skewed their perspective of what was acceptable and affected their decisions as adults.

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Deep Breaths: Learning to Live Well With HIV
نفس های عمیق: بیاموزید به خوبی با اچ آی وی زندگی کنید

Life can sometimes seem like an endless barrage of accolades and admonishments, with each propelling you from one moment to the next. Whereas the thrill of achievement is fleeting at best, the fallout from a mistake can seem like an endless freefall. When it comes to HIV, those who live with the virus can often feel as if it is the ultimate mark against them; forever diminishing any future good deeds or successes to come. But this feeling, whether it stems from HIV or any other moment or action you regret, is merely a result of self-induced shame and guilt.

And it is complete and total bullshit.

Just think about it. A life without mistakes or missteps is not a life at all, or at least not one that sounds very exciting. Conversely, a life worth mentioning is filled with excitement and regret, love and heartbreak, adventures and mistakes, and maybe even an STD. Of course, it’s best to avoid anything that is bad for you, sexual or otherwise. And while that is a nice quote to stitch onto a pillow, it is all but worthless to you in real life. Because in the Technicolor world, personal growth comes from the aftermath of doing things we sometimes regret.

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Unfortunately, the social stigma and blinding fear associated with HIV often hinders people from growth. Instead, many people choose to live in the shadow of their former selves and rest on the notion that they will never be able to have the life they once had. They do this even though all of the pieces are sitting there just waiting to be but together again. No, nott just put back together, but improved upon. Restored, renovated and upgraded.

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Despite Cancer Risk, Doctors Still Not Pushing HPV Vaccine
واکسن ویروس اچ پی وی (زگیل تناسلی) برای پیشگیری از شیوع گسترده سرطانهای دهانه رحم و مقعد و همچنین آلت جنسی در مردان

One of the biggest frustrations vented by people who work in public health these days is that the most common sexually transmitted infection around – HPV, also known as the human papilloma virus or genital warts – has a vaccine to prevent it.

© iStockphoto

© iStockphoto

One in four Americans are infected with the virus, which can lead to cancer, particularly in people with HIV. Almost every sexually active American will contract it at some point through anal, oral, or vaginal sex. Many people clear the virus on their own and do not exhibit symptoms. There are 150 strains of the virus, with some causing anal, cervical, penile or oral cancer and some not.

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Fettgewebe auch ein Reservoir für HIV?
بافتهای چربی مخزنی برای ویروس اچ آی وی

Zwei aktuelle Studien deuten darauf hin, dass Fettgewebe ein HIV-Reservoir ist, aber auch eine Rolle bei der Immunaktivierung und Inflammation spielt.

© William Roberts | Dreamstime.com

Bisher bekannt war, dass HIV in Lymphknoten, Thymus, Milz, Knochenmark, Darm-assoziierten Lymphgeweben und im ZNS persistiert. Nun kommt ein weiteres Reservoir hinzu: Im Fettgewebe von HIV-Patienten unter ART konnten aktivierte CD4-Zellen und HIV-DNA nachgewiesen werden. Zusätzlich gelang der Nachweis, dass in den Fettzellen die Immunzellen eine erhöhte Aktivität haben.

Quelle: National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project (NATAP)


بافتهای چربی مخزنی برای ویروس اچ آی وی

دو مطالعه آزمایشی نشان می دهد که بافت چربی بدن انسان مخزن اچ آی وی است، اما همچنین نقش مهمی در فعال شدن دستگاه ایمنی بدن و التهاب دارد. تاکنون شناخته شده است که ویروس HIV در غدد لنفاوی، غده تیموس، طحال، مغز استخوان، بافتهای لنفاوی روده و در CNS همچنان وجود دارد. اکنون توانسته شد یک مخزن دیگر یعنی در بافت چربی مبتلایان به ویروس اچ آی وی که با داروهای ضد ویروس یا ART درمان می شوند، سلولهای کمکی CD4 فعال و همچنین HIV-DNA  شناسایی شود. علاوه بر این، موفق به اثبات این  مورد نیز شد که در سلول های چربی، سلول های ایمنی یک فعالیت افزایش یافته دارند.


National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project (NATAP)

برگردان:   کیومرث سراج الهی


Treat all people living with HIV
سازمان جهانی بهداشت: “درمان همه” مردم مبتلا و پیشگیری از اچ آی وی

سازمان جهانی بهداشت: درمان برای تمام مردم مبتلا به اچ آی وی و همچنین پیشگیری از آن برای انسانهای در معرض خطر

هر انسانی باید تا آنجایی که امکان دارد هر چه زودتر پس از تشخیص ابتلای او به HIV تحت درمان داروهای ضد  ویروس HIV و انسانهایی که در معرض خطر بسیار بالای ابتلا به ویروس اچ آی وی قرار دارند یک داروی پیشگیری دریافت کنند.

این توصیه از سوی سازمان بهداشت جهانی درمان همه” نامیده شده است که برای کمک و جلوگیری ازمرگ و میر 21 میلیون انسان تا سال 2030 و همچنین پیشگیری از 28 میلیون مورد جدید ابتلا مردم به ویروس اچ آی وی می باشد.

برگردان: کیومرث سراج الهی  برگرفته از سایت: سازمان جهانی بهداشت


Treat all people living with HIV, offer antiretrovirals as additional prevention choice for people at “substantial” risk

New policies could help avert more than 21 million deaths and 28 million new infections by 2030

ART Therapy, having more certainty for the future.
photo: WHO/A. Fitrianto

Anyone infected with HIV should begin antiretroviral treatment as soon after diagnosis as possible, WHO announced Wednesday. With its “treat-all” recommendation, WHO removes all limitations on eligibility for antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people living with HIV; all populations and age groups are now eligible for treatment.

The expanded use of antiretroviral treatment is supported by recent findings from clinical trials confirming that early use of ART keeps people living with HIV alive, healthier and reduces the risk of transmitting the virus to partners.

Source: WHO


Jeder, der mit HIV infiziert ist, sollte die antiretrovirale Behandlung so bald wie möglich nach der Diagnose beginnen. Menschen mit einem hohen HIV-Risiko sollten eine Präexpositionsprophylaxe erhalten.

Diese „Treat-All“-Empfehlung soll laut der Weltgesundheitsorganisation, WHO, helfen, bis 2030 mehr als 21 Millionen Tote und 28 Millionen neu HIV-Infektionen zu verhindern. Die neuen Empfehlungen wurden am 30. September 2015 vorgestellt.

6 Different Ways You can get HIV
شش راه گوناگونی که شما می توانید به اچ آی وی مبتلا شوید

graphic: AIDS.gov

graphic: AIDS.gov

There are a lot of assumptions made about the kind of people who get HIV. Some people think that it is only an issue for people who are promiscuous, the poor, minorities, gay people, or whatever other group that they are not a part of. With the false safety of these beliefs, people continue to make common mistakes that have the potential to lead them to a rude awakening about who can get HIV. More than half of young people who are living with HIV are unaware of their status, and HIV infection is on the rise. So don’t be naïve about the kinds of people who can get HIV, because no one is exempt from infection and almost everyone has had an experience that could have made all the difference.


Here are six common ways that you can become infected with HIV:

You thought he was monogamous.شما فکر می کردید شریک تان به شما (یک همبستر) وفادار بود

Surprisingly, this is one of the most common ways that people report becoming HIV-positive. When you enter into a monogamous relationship, you shouldn’t have to always keep guessing your partner’s is faithfulness or be forced to wear condoms on your wedding night. But that doesn’t mean you should turn a blind eye to the possibilities of your partner sleeping with another person. So keep the communication open and the topic of HIV on both of your minds to minimize your risk while maximizing your pleasure.

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Three More Reasons to Cheer For the HIV Prevention Pill, PrEP.

Last week, there was quite the hat trick of good news regarding the HIV prevention pill known as pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP.

TruvadaOn Wednesday, June 24, Governor Jerry Brown signed a budget for the Golden State that includes $2 million for PrEP outreach and education. That means organizations that advocate for PrEP, such as the Los Angeles LGBT Center, will be able to apply for some of that money and use it to help people learn about and obtain PrEP.

“There are a lot of people who don’t even know about PrEP,” Aaron Fox of the Los Angeles LGBT Center told HIV Equal. “Especially in communities outside of West Hollywood, and people traditionally shut out of medical care either because of income status or distress to the medical system.”

That may include minority men who have sex with men who do not identify as gay, and who are not reached by traditional PrEP messaging. It also can include transgender people who will not go see a doctor for fear of being gawked at in the waiting room. Still other people simply think they cannot afford PrEP and therefore don’t even bother with exploring it as an HIV prevention option.

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